Melghat Tiger Reserve is located on southern offshoot of the Satpura Hill Range in Central India, called Gavilgarh hill in the Indian state of Maharashtra. The high ridge running east-west which has its highest point at Vairat (1178 m. above msl.), forms the southwestern boundary of the Reserve. It is a prime habitat of the tiger. The forest is tropical dry deciduous in nature, dominated by teak Tectona grandis. The Reserve is a catchment area for five major rivers viz. Khandu, Khapra, Sipna, Gadga and Dolar, all of which are tributaries of the river Tapti. The northeastern boundary of
the Reserve is marked by the Tapti river. Melghat is the prime biodiversity repository of the state.
The sudden slope of Melghat form the part of catchment of river Purna.
The three major tributaries originating from Melghat region and draining into river Purna are Chandrabhaga, adnani and wan. Chikhaldara is located on high sudden platau at an altitude of 1100 ms. above MSL.
Nature has offered protection to Melghat in the form of a rugged topography with only a few entry points. The Makhala, Chikhaldara, Chiladari, Patulda and Gugamal are the large plateaux amidst rugged terrain. Contiguity of forests in Satpura Hill Range guarantees the long-term conservation potential of the area.
Conservation History : Melghat area was declared a Tiger Reserve in 1974. Presently, the total area of the Reserve is around 1677 sq. km. The core area of the Reserve, the Gugarnal National Park with an area of 361.28 sq. km., and buffer area of the Reserve, the Melghat Tiger Sanctuary with an area of 788.28 sq. km. (of which 21.39 sq. km. is non-forest), were together re-notified by the state government in 1994 as Melghat Sanctuary. The remaining area is managed as a ‘multiple use area’. Previously, Melghat Tiger Sanctuary was created in 1985 with an area of 1597.23 sq. km. Gugarnal National Park was carved out of this Sanctuary in 1987.
Archaeological Richness : The Gavilgarh fort on the Chikhaldara plateau and Narnala fort abetting southeastern part of Melghat Tiger Reserve add to the aesthetic value of the area. Visitors to these archaeological monuments enjoy the serene forests in the backdrop.
- Bhimkund (Kitchakdari)
- Vairat Devi
- Sunset Point
- Bir Dam
- Panchbol Point
- Kalapani Dam
- Mahadev Mandir
- Semadhoh Tiger Project
- Hariken Point
- Mozari Point
- Prospect Point
- Devi Point
- Shakkar Lake
- Malviya and Sunrise Point
- Government Garden
- Pancha Dhara waterfall
- Gawilgad Fort
Semadohis a village located in dense Melghat Tiger Reserve in Dharni Tahsil, Amravati District, Maharashtra.Near Semadoh on the banks of Sipna River is a Forest Jungle camp consisting of four Dormitories (60 Bed) and Ten cottages (20 bed). The cottages have been recently renovated and are in good condition. There is a museum next to cafeteria (mess). Most important is presence of wild life in the area like Tigers, Sloth bear, leopards and other jungle animals. Bookings can be done though Forest Department Amravati.
How to Reach:
Nearest airport is Nagpur which is connected by daily flights from Mumbai, Delhi, Kolkata, Bengaluru, Raipur, Indore, Pune, etc.
For Chikhaldara/Semadoh/Kolkas/ Harisal- Alight at Badnera Junction (10Km) from Amravati on Mumbai – Nagpur – Kolkata route.
Various destinations of Melghat has to be reached by road as given below: Know where you can go for Jungle Safaris. Semadoh: Nagpur to Amaravati (160 km). Amravati to Paratwada (50 km.). Paratwada to Semadoh (45 km.) Kolkas Situated 13kms further from Semadoh towards Harisal on state highway no. 6 is the famous Kolkas Eco Tourism centre. It has 7 cottages (twin sharing), 2 nos. Forest Rest house rooms, 18 beds dormitory run by the Forest Department. Vairat/Chikhaldara- Vairat Jungle Safari- Along with many scenic points and Gavilgadh fort Chikhaldara has a jungle safari access on the Vairat plateau which is arguably one of the highest points in Central India for any jungle safari. Safaris can be booked online or on spot at the Nature Interpretation Centre based right in the heart of Chikhaldara town. Amravati to Paratwada (50 km.). Paratwada to Chikhaldara (32 km.). Harisal- Harisal village is on Maharashtra State Highway no.6 and is a gateway to jungle safaris from Harisal gate, night safari activities, full day tourism activities, machaan activities and adventure activities. Nagpur to Amaravati (160 km). Amravati to Paratwada (50 km.). Paratwada to Semadoh (45 km.). Semadoh to Harisal (25 km).